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History Of Heritage Building In Sawahlunto

Sawahlunto coal mines opening in 1891 is the most important asset for the Dutch colonial governance due to high world demand for coal as an energy source in the century the invention of the steam engine. Moreover Sawahlunto reserve coal deposits estimated at 205 million ton figure. Coal reserves that are spread among regions Parambahan, Sikalang, Sungai Durian, Sigaluik, Padangsibuak, Village Tower, Cape Ampalu.

Exploitation of coal on a large scale that require a variety of facilities and infrastructure. Therefore built many office buildings, transportation routes to the Emmahaven (Gulf Bayur) Padang, housing workers and various support facilities. Building physical infrastructure built with the Dutch colonial architecture in the tropics. Among the distribution of Dutch colonial buildings there are also relics of a typical Chinatown's architecture building buildings ethnic Chinese.

Legacy of colonial buildings and pecinaan it makes a rich culture that is now inherited Sawahlunto as City Tours Mine civilized, it's no exaggeration when Sawahlunto called The Litlle Holands.

Buildings with distinctive Dutch colonial architecture was built in 1916. From this building, officials and officials and mining experts to formulate a variety of things about Sawahlunto. Most of the direct strategic position occupied by the Dutch and European lainnya.Sedangkan Indo - Dutch hired as a clerk (administrative assistant). Now this magnificent building still serves as the Office of Bukit Asam Mining Company-Mining Unit Ombilin in Sawahlunto.

With the entry of Sawahlunto into the geo-political map of the Netherlands East Indies should be placed level government officials in Sawahlunto Resident Assistant to serve the interests of the coal mining company and its inhabitants. As state officials facility is built the home office in the 1920's. Being diketinggian and overlooking the city center is a strategic location to view and observe the activities in the city center for the Dutch officials. Until now the house is still functioning as the home residence of the head region, Mayor Sawahlunto.

Building Societeit or "Gluck Auf" was built in 1910, even called the House Ball. This building was used as a place to party officials and none-none mine Netherlands after work. Afternoon until the evening they entertain themselves, by spending time and money, drinking, dancing-dansi in the House Ball. Entertainment, procrastinators miss the days to relatives in the country Windmills. After independence, the building was used as a Building Society Meeting (GPM). Then also once occupied by Bank Mandiri until 2005. After revitalization, on December 1, 2006, the building was re-enabled as the Cultural Center Building Sawahlunto

In 1894 electric power plant built enegi center (power plan) in Kubang Sirakuak to menggerrakan various engine speed up the process of mining and transporting coal. Once built penggantinyatahun 1924 in Salak, since it is the former power plant in Kubang Sirakuak experience a variety of transition functions. This place used to be warehouses and assembly of weapons the days of the revolution. And in 1952 the former power plant building was magnificent, built a place of worship of Muslims, (now the Grand Mosque Sawahlunto). While the former power plant smokestacks that tower over 75 meters altitude made minaret.

Houses Pen Sin Kek. Sin Kek Pen ethnic Chinese. He came and settled in Sawahlunto since the early 20th century. As a successful pedafang Pek Sin Kek in 1906 to build a place of business and family residence at the Center Kota.Rumah Pen Sin Kek ever as House Theater, the Association of Malay society, Ice Factory. After the revitalization in 2005-2006 the building was used as the typical architecture of Chinatown souvenir shop, here the tourists can shop while enjoying the typical architecture of the building a unique nan.

For the intelligence of European children in the Netherlands Sawahlunto St.Lucia center of the town school was built adjacent to the Houses of Worship, Catholic Church for the Christians.

Building cooperative Ombilin built in the 1920s with the name of the cooperative "Ons Belang". cooperatives were created to serve the needs of people of Indo-Dutch and Dutch in Sawahlunto. Cooperatives also aimed to stabilize market prices fluctuation. Thus the Dutch officials and staff employees of the company is interested in co-operative shop. Besides facilitating cooperative savings and loans to employees. Regular loan repayments through the company with monthly payroll deductions.

Tax-pawn so-called Chinatown nan building with unique architecture. Building that stood Sawahlunto heart of the city was built in 1917. Building-mortgage tax was also once used as a building or place of performance comedy. Currently this building is now occupied by Bank BRI.

WI was built in 1915 as the residence for employees of companies in the Coal Mine Ombilin Sawahlunto, WI or guesthouse is intended for European officials who have a family. Hen house like this spread in some places. Spent hen house when it's done and used to support the revitalization of the city tourism Sawahlunto. Like dozens of other Dutch heritage building in Sawahlunto, WI is an asset coal mining heritage can still be enjoyed today in downtown Sawahlunto existence.

The result of coal mining is collected into a place called the filter near the railway station in the city center. In addition to the clean coal, there are also around this building and infrastructure facilities such as offices, main workshop (large), place of coal processing, transportation and warehouse storage building coal. Stockpile of 3 pieces called the silo building, tube-shaped 'giant'. Shiloh stood firm as well as a landmark towering beauty of the city Sawahlunto.

For lodging for mining experts brought in the Netherlands, in 1918 the homestead was built just inside the building Societeit. Wisma been a camp Dutch army during the 1945-1949 revolution. Now this place is used as a Hotel Ombilin Sawahlunto, where the tourists can stay at the hotel building Sawahlunto disebuah Dutch colonial heritage.

edited by : seegetz